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  • The Voices Project directions for students
  • The Voices Project grading rubric
  • The Voices Project coding rubric for critical thinking
  • The Voices Project coding rubric for cultural competency


Surveys for Specific Groups
Group/Variable Name of Measure Subscales Citation
Asians/Asian Americans  Attitudes towards Asians  None


Dinh, K. T., Weinstein, T. L., Nemon, M., & Rondeau, S. (2008). The effects of contact with Asians and Asian Americans on White American college students: Attitudes, awareness of racial discrimination, and psychological adjustment. American Journal of Community Psychology, 42(December 2), 298-308. doi: 10.1007/s10464-008-9202-z

Blacks  Modern Racism Scale None  

McConahay, J. B. (1986). Modern racism, ambivalence, and the Modern Racism Scale. In J. F. Dovidio, & S. L. Gaertner (Eds.), Prejudice, discrimination, and racism. (pp. 91-125). San Diego, CA, US: Academic Press.

Whites' Racial Consciousness  Oklahoma Racial Attitudes Scale-Revised - Conflictive racial justice
-Reactive racial justice

Vandiver, B. J., & Leach, M. M. (2005). Oklahoma Racial Attitudes Scale-Revised. Unpublished scale.

Wolff, K. E., & Munley, P. H. (2012). Exploring the relationships between White racial consciousness, feminist identity development and family environment for White undergraduate women. College Student Journal, 46(2), 283–307.

Muslims  Islamophobia Scale  -Affective-behavioral

Lee, S. A., Gibbons, J. A., Thompson, J. M., & Timani, H.S. (2009). The Islamophobia Scale: Instrument development and initial validation. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 19, 92-105.

Wealth/Poverty  Beliefs about the Causes of Wealth and Poverty - Poverty: indivdualism
-Poverty: situationalism
-Wealth: individualsim
-Weatlh: situationalism

Smith, K. B., & Stone, L. H. (1989). Rags, riches, and bootstraps: Beliefs about the causes of wealth and poverty. The Sociological Quarterly, 30(1), 93-107.

Antifat  Antifat Attitudes Questionnaire - Dislike toward overweight people
-Concerns about weight
-Beliefs about willpower and controllability of weight

Crandall, C. S. (1994). Prejudice against fat people: Ideology and self-interest. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(5), 882-894. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.66.5.882

Ageism/Elderly  Fraboni Scale of Ageism-Revised - Stereotypes
-Affective Attitudes

Rupp, D. E., Vodanovich, S. J., & Crede, M. (2005). The multidimensional nature of ageism: Construct validity and group differences. Journal of Social Psychology, 145(3), 335-362. doi: 10.3200/SOCP.145.3.335-362

People with AIDS  Generic AIDS Attitudes Scale - Empathy

Froman, R. D., & Owen, S. V. (2001). Measuring attitudes towards Persons with AIDS: The AAS-G as an alternate form of the AAS. Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice: An International Journal, 15(2), 161-174.

Sexism  Ambivalent Sexism Inventory - Benevolent sexism
-Hostile sexism

Glick, P., & Fiske, S. T. (1996). The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory: Differentiating hostile and benevolent sexism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(3), 491-512. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.70.3.491

Gays/Lesbians  Homonegativity Scale - Gays

Morrison, T. G., Parriag, A. V., & Morrison, M. A. (1999). The psychometric properties of the Homonegativity Scale. Journal of Homosexuality, 37(4), 111-126. doi: 10.1300/J082v37n04_07

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