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Summer 03

Summer 2003

Summer 2003

Title: Hatha Yoga and Its Immediate Effects on Attention in Children Diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Authors: Maria Grisafi, Heather Haas, Colleen C. Heckman and Denise Maszeroski

Abstract: Yoga is relevant to OT because it can provide a leisure-based occupation with physical, mental, and emotional benefits. Children diagnosed with ADHD, in particular, can benefit from the focus, relaxation, and mental clarity that yoga claims and has been shown in some cases to provide. This study used a within subjects, pre-test post-test design to examine the effectiveness of a 6 week Hatha yoga program on the attention span of eight children, ages 9 to 14, with ADHD. The d2 Test of Attention was used to measure attention. Results indicated significant differences for the number of items processed (z = -2.380, p = .017), as well as for the overall attention score which took into account both speed and accuracy
(z = - 2.521, p = .012). Measures of concentration performance and fluctuation performance were not significantly different between pre and post tests. Limitations of the study, recommendations for further research and the application of these findings for occupational therapy intervention are considered.

Year: Summer 2003

Chair/Reader: Ellen McLaughlin; Lalit Shah


Title: A Correlation Study of Total Functional Independence Measure Score and Medical Intervention Rates

Authors: Renee Carl, Rachel Cronlund, Deborah Hoyt, Dona Lounsbury

Abstract: This project determined if there was a correlation between the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores at discharge from a rehabilitation hospital and frequency of medical interventions after a Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA). The hypothesis assumes discharges to primary residences have a negative correlation with discharge FIM scores and frequency of medical interventions. Discharge based on a functional level may prevent readmissions to hospitals, as people may be better prepared for the transition home. Using the Spearman’s Rho the following variables were analyzed to determine any correlations: the FIM scores upon admission, FIM scores upon discharge, visits for medical interventions, falls, lengths of stay and level of independence at each residence according to the continuum of care. Over 300 subjects were contacted and 18 participated with a mean admission FIM score of 60.33, discharge FIM score of 103.28, and length of stay of 29.61 days. This study was unable to significantly prove the hypothesis due to low participation. This study was also unable to show a trend in the changes in FIM score as the length of stay increased using the Pearson’s R (p = .114). In this study, people who were discharged home with less support were more likely to experience a readmission (p = .032) and those with a shorter length of stay tend to have a higher discharge FIM score (p = .007).

Year: Summer 2003

Chair/Reader: Lalit Shah; Denis Anson